The Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) for the DRC situation in Zambia

The Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) for the DRC situation in (...)

The launch of the Regional Refugee Response Plan for the DRC situation in Zambia took place on the 23rd of May and was organized by the Ministry for Home Affairs’ High-Commission for Refugees and the UNHCR, with the participation of the Zambian Minister for Home Affairs.

Context

The situation in the DRC is one of the world’s most complex crises. With 4.5 million people internally displaced and 740 000 refugees across Africa, the humanitarian crisis is major and the situation keeps deteriorating since 2017.

Refugees have been mainly fleeing to neighboring countries (Angola, Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Republic of the Congo, Zambia). Angola, Uganda and Zambia are the countries which received most refugees since 2017.

Currently, there are 42 321 refugees from DRC in Zambia, among which 76% are women and children. Half, i.e. 20 591, arrived in Zambia between January 2017 and May 2018.
Despite the fact that the inflow of new arrivals has slightly reduced in recent weeks, operations keep on going in view of a possible large influx of refugees at the end of the year caused by the electoral process in DRC. According to the forecasts, the number of Congolese refugees should reach 76 000 by December 2018.

The RRRP presents the response to the humanitarian challenge based on the anticipated deterioration of the situation at the end of the year.

One after the other, the different actors stated on the situation in Zambia: their achievements and gaps, their forecasts and expectations.

Since August 2017, the inflow of refugees coming from DRC to Zambia kept increasing. Fleeing the atrocities of the Powa and Moba conflict zones, the refugees mainly settle in Luapula, Western and North-Western Provinces. They arrive in Zambia in very bad conditions and many need specific care: orphans, HIV, disabled, SGBV victims…

In January 2018, 14 540 refugees were registered in the Kenani Transit Centre, located in Nchelenge District (Luapula Province). The camp reached is full capacity of 15 000 people in 6 months. Since April, refugees are relocated to the Mantapala Refugee Settlement Camp which currently hosts 3 914 refugees.
The priority is to strengthen the services in Mantapala Refugee Settlement Camp and to relocate all refugees from the Kenani Transit Centre to Mantapala Refugee Settlement Camp.

The needs are urgent and specific to Africa, penalized buy a lack of financial and human resources.
Together with the government of Zambia, the NGOs, the UN agencies and several embassies, many operations were successful.
Achievements in education, health, shelters, food and nutrition, water and sanitation and security were made.

Still, the UNHCR lacks financial resources to fill in the remaining gaps:

  • The bad road conditions complicates the transports of staff, refugees and supplies
  • Lack of food, water and supplies to address everyone’s needs
  • Lack of infrastructures: bridge between the two camps, staff housing and offices, shelters, school facilities, electricity, toilets and bath shelters, police station for protection…
  • Communication lines are missing (phone lines and internet)
  • Studies and assessments

In order to complete the response plan and fill in the gaps, the UN agencies and the NGOs involved still need 74,2 million $.

Last updated on: 24 May 2018
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